Dutch Golden Age wasn’t all that Dutch

185
1000

By the late 18th century, up to 70% of the soldiers manning the ships of the Dutch East India Company came from outside the Netherlands

The Dutch still call it their Golden Age: in the 17th century, they built a trading empire that spanned the globe and propelled them to the pinnacle of power and influence in Europe. World cities as far apart as New York, Cape Town and Jakarta are all built on Dutch foundations.

But the Dutch Golden Age wasn’t all that Dutch. As these maps show, the crews manning the ships of the VOC, the Dutch East India Company, came from all over Europe, and indeed from all over the world.

The maps were prepared by Jelle van Lottum, Senior Researcher at the Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands in Amsterdam. Specialising in maritime and migration history, Mr. van Lottum traced the places of origin of the soldiers, sailors, and officers crewing VOC ships on a map.

The records span the Company’s entire history, from the early 1600s to the late 1700s. “The VOC relied on a highly international labour force, the composition of which changed strongly over time”, Mr van Lottum says.

This map shows all traceable places of origin of VOC crews throughout the centuries. Obviously, the Netherlands themselves figure strongly; but almost every other present-day country in Europe contributed manpower to the Dutch maritime effort: from Iceland to Turkey, and from Portugal to Finland.

The rare exceptions are Bosnia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Moldova, and Belarus. VOC records even show crew originating in North Africa.

As the years went on, crews came from further inland, throughout the 18th century especially from the West German states.

On this map, places of origin 20 km or less from a major river are marked in blue. It shows how important inland waterways were as a means of transportation, and as conduits for information and migration.

On its ships, which travelled between Europe and Asia, the VOC carried mainly European crews. But there were also men born in Asia and the Americas on board, as the following maps show.

In Asia, present-day Sri Lanka, Indonesia and India were major sources of VOC personnel, but the Dutch East India ships were also crewed by Japanese, Taiwanese, Thai, Chinese and Vietnamese soldiers and sailors.

From the Americas, Dutch possessions (in the Caribbean and on the South American mainland) served as major sources for VOC crews, but VOC ships also featured Haitians, Jamaicans – and not a few Philadelphians.

Even from the start, VOC crews were very international. The graph below shows a big dip from 1680 to 1720 – the only period when foreign-born VOC soldiers made up less than half of the total.

The high point came near the end, around 1790, when no less than 70% of the common soldiery on board VOC ships came from outside the Netherlands, as well as close to half of all common sailors, and even nearly 30% of the ships’ officers.

Mr van Lottum’s research provides a useful reminder that labor migration in previous centuries was as common – and as economically important – as it is today.

185 COMMENTS

  1. PzvwNO It as not that I want to replicate your web site, but I really like the style and design. Could you let me know which style are you using? Or was it custom made?

  2. I was recommended this blog by means of my cousin. I’m now not positive whether or not this publish is written by him as nobody else recognize such distinct approximately my difficulty. You’re wonderful! Thank you!

  3. You could definitely see your expertise in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  4. Very helpful info specifically the last part I care for such info a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  5. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you make this website yourself or did you
    hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to know
    where u got this from. kudos

  6. Just want to say your article is as amazing.
    The clearness on your post is just great and i can suppose you
    are knowledgeable in this subject. Well together with your permission allow me
    to snatch your RSS feed to stay updated with drawing close post.
    Thanks one million and please keep up the rewarding work.

  7. IaаАа’б‚Т€ТšаЂаŒаАа’б‚Т€ТžаБТžd should talk to you here. Which is not some thing I do! I quite like reading a post which will make people believe. Also, numerous thanks permitting me to comment!

  8. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an extremely terrific opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this web site. It is always so amazing and as well , jam-packed with a good time for me and my office colleagues to search your website the equivalent of thrice in 7 days to find out the new secrets you have got. And definitely, I’m also actually astounded for the mind-boggling suggestions you give. Selected 2 ideas in this post are surely the best I’ve ever had.

  9. Terrific work! This is the type of info that should be shared around the net. Shame on Google for not positioning this post higher! Come on over and visit my web site. Thanks =)

  10. I will immediately grab your rss as I can at find your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you ave any? Please let me know so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  11. Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share
    some stories/information. I know my visitors would value your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

  12. I thought it was going to be some boring old publish, but it really compensated for my time. I will post a link to this page on my blog. I am positive my visitors will find that very useful

  13. You made some good points there. I checked on the net for more information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  14. You have made some really good points there. I looked on the net to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

  15. Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks I ave read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you ave got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this blog.

  16. Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group?
    There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Thanks

  17. redirected here Where can I find the best online creative writing courses? I live in NYC so which colleges offer the best online creative writing course? If not in a college than where else?.

  18. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and also the rest
    of the website is also really good.

  19. It as exhausting to seek out educated folks on this matter, however you sound like you realize what you are speaking about! Thanks

  20. It is really a nice and helpful piece of information. I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  21. Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It as on a entirely different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Great choice of colors!

  22. Hola! I’ve been following your blog for a long time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give
    you a shout out from Dallas Texas! Just wanted to tell you keep up the fantastic job!

  23. Where I am from we don at get enough of this type of thing. Got to search around the entire globe for such relevant stuff. I appreciate your effort. How do I find your other articles?!

  24. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been running a blog for? you make running a blog look easy. The full look of your website is fantastic, let alone the content material!

  25. I want to voice my gratitude for your kind-heartedness in support of people that need help on in this niche. Your real commitment to passing the message around came to be extremely important and have without exception allowed individuals just like me to get to their goals. Your own warm and helpful report can mean a lot a person like me and further more to my mates. Many thanks; from everyone of us.

  26. Spot on with this write-up, I absolutely believe that this web site needs far more attention. I all probably be returning to see more, thanks for the info!

  27. Simply a smiling visitor here to share the love (:, btw outstanding pattern. Make the most of your regrets. To regret deeply is to live afresh. by Henry David Thoreau.

  28. Wow, wonderful blog structure! How long have you been blogging for? you made running a blog look easy. The full look of your site is fantastic, as well as the content material!

  29. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any solutions to help reduce content from being ripped off? I’d truly appreciate it.

  30. Hiya very nice website!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb ..

    I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m happy to find numerous useful info here within the put up, we need work out extra strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  31. Usually I do not comment in your weblog. I am additional in the silent sort but I wonder, is this wordpress since I am thinking of switching my own blog from blogspot to wordpress.

  32. wonderful issues altogether, you simply received a emblem new reader. What may you recommend in regards to your submit that you simply made some days ago? Any sure?

  33. Thanks for another fantastic article. Where else could anybody get that type of info in such an ideal way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

  34. Thanks for every other fantastic post. Where else may anyone get that type of information in such a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am at the search for such info.

  35. When someone writes an post he/she keeps the thought of a user in his/her brain that how
    a user can know it. So that’s why this paragraph is perfect.
    Thanks!

  36. Keep up the excellent piece of work, I read few blog posts on this website and I think that your site is really interesting and has bands of good info.

  37. Hello this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or
    if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a
    blog soon but have no coding know-how so I wanted to get
    guidance from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  38. Hi, very exciting posting. My sister and I have recently been looking for comprehensive details about this type of stuff for some time, however we could hardly until now. Do you consider you can create several youtube videos about this, I believe your webblog would be far more thorough in case you did. In any other case, oh well. I am going to be checking on this web site within the forseeable future. Email me to maintain me up to date. granite countertops cleveland

  39. I wanted to send you the very small note to thank you yet again with your striking things you have discussed in this case. It’s remarkably generous with people like you to provide publicly exactly what a few individuals might have sold for an electronic book to generate some cash for their own end, most importantly since you might well have tried it if you ever desired. The ideas also acted to become fantastic way to understand that many people have the same zeal the same as mine to understand good deal more around this issue. I’m sure there are millions of more fun times ahead for folks who browse through your website.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here