The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) says its greatest responsibility is to prevent conflict and preserve peace. To secure this, the alliance calls on each member to pay their fair share.
NATO’s 2018 annual report, which was released on Thursday, showed that several European members had moved closer their pledge of dedicating 2% of their GDP on defence, while others were still lagging behind.
Six European governments now are above the threshold sought by US President Donald Trump — Estonia, Greece, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Britain were estimated to have met the 2% goal last year.
Meanwhile, Germany, Italy, Spain, Luxembourg and Belgium were still nowhere near meeting the pledge.
Spending in Bulgaria, the Baltics and the Netherlands went up by around 20% in 2018 compared to 2017.
Along with Canada, Greece was the only NATO members to decrease defence spending in 2018.
European nations as a whole reached a five-year high at 1.51%.